UH Data Comm Timeline

Gentle reader: Do you remember something special that happened here? Or perhaps see an error, or have a detail to add? Or a picture? Please let know...
What follows is mostly from the UH Computing Center Newsletter. I plan to expand it, but you know how that goes.
See also: UHCC 40th Anniversary Timeline

1960 April   UH Statistical & Computing Center opens in the basement of Keller Hall, using an IBM 650, purchased with $50,000 of NSF funds, and $9,000 of Territorial Grant Funds.
      User base: 10 (Dan Arashiro, 1980)
1962     Edwin Mookini1 becomes UHSCC Director
1963 April   IBM 14011 (8K) acquired
  August   UHSCC moves to HIG
      IBM 7040 1,2 (32K) acquired. 7040 & 1401 list price was $1.8 million. UH gets 60% educational discount, paying $720,000 in NSF, State, and UH funds.
      Robert Sparks 1 becomes UHSCC Director

Bob Sparks with the IBM 7040
1964     Wesley Peterson (inventor of CRCs)1,2, UHSCC Acting Director.
1965     User base: 300 (Dan Arashiro, 1980)
1967 January   IBM 360/50 1 (512K) acquired
  October   UH Console System, a "home-grown" makeshift timesharing system, is implemented using 6 IBM 2260 CRT terminals.
1968     IBM 7040 retired.
1969     IBM 360/65 1 (512K) replaces 360/50
  November   First RJE 1 , from LCC's IBM 1130 1 to the UHSCC IBM 360
1970     UH/ALOHA System:1,2 Widely considered an important original network medium-sharing implementation upon which later systems, like Ethernet, were based.
      User Base: 2,000 (Dan Arashiro, 1980)
1971     Name changed to "UH Computing Center"
      Walter Yee becomes UHCC director
  April   APL 1 installed: 16 concurrent users
  August   TSO 1 installed: 14 concurrent users
1973 April   HP 2000 installed -- 16 ports
1974 December   IBM 370/158 replaces 360/65
1975 September 15 COMM-PRO is installed on the 3750 Communications Controller to allow ASCII terminals to connect to APL and TSO. It allows access to either system from any of 3 pools of dialup lines. Speeds are 10 cps or 30 cps (~100 or 300 baud). There are a total of 25 dialup lines.
  November 1 UHCC is moved from HIG to the newly renovated Keller Hall 1st floor.
      HP2000 upgraded to 32 port ACCESS
      User Base: 8,000 (Dan Arashiro, 1980)
1977 April 5-6 Leeward CC brings an IMSAI 8080 Microcomputer to the annual UHCC Computer Fair.
  May   UH Gains access to 4 ports on U. of Illinois' PLATO System.
  November   IBM MVS Operating System installed
  December   PLATO access increased to 8 ports
1978 April 9-15 First Gandalf PACX I (128 X 128) Installed.
  July 23 HP2000, IBM370/158, and BCC 500 lines are re-routed to PACX.
  August   TSO -- up to 40 concurrent users.
  December   State Budget and Finance denies budget request for a new timesharing system.
1979 January   PLATO up to 16 ports
  March   Computer Fair is cancelled; all systems are considered too busy to encourage new users.
  July   An article explains that there was no newsletter in June, due to lack of articles.
  December   KauaiCC begins to access UHCC through a 10 port multiplexor (8 async, 2 sync)
1980 January   PLATO debuts as an Official Instructional Program.
      Governor's supplemental budget includes a new 100 port timesharing system.
  February   UH Acquires a Harris 135, with 32 terminal ports, as an interim measure. OS is VULCAN.
  April   UHCC is 20 years old.
      KauaiCC begins to access UHCC through a 10 port multiplexor
      User Base: 16,000 (Dan Arashiro, 1980)
  May   Harris 135 installed.
  July   HP3000 donated to UHCC
1982 May 16 In the public terminal room, 4 Teleray terminals and 2 PLATO terminals are shot with a .22 caliber weapon. The assailant is later caught by police.
  July   Gandalf Engineers spend several days at Keller, looking into "line drops". Boards are sent back to Gandalf HQ in Canada. Special modifications are made to alleviate problems at UH.
      Dual PACX II's (256 X 256) are replaced by a single QUAD PACX IV (1024 X 512).
  August   Timeshare bid awarded; A DEC 2060 with 1 million 36-bit words of MOS memory, PDP-11 front end, PDP-11 sync communications, 1 RP06 176 MB disk, 2 RP07 498MB disks. Running TOPS-20 with FORTRAN-20, COBOL-68/74, BASIC-PLUS-2, CPL-20, and MS (a mail system)
  November   DEC 2060 Up and running.
      Direct terminal connections from GTE: $30 set-up, $8/month.
  December   UHCC Newsletter includes an article on using a microcomputer as a terminal.
1983 April   UH Microcomputer Users Group (UHMUG) meets for the 3rd time on April 8th, 1983, in Gartley 102, 12-1:30 PM
  May   Kermit for DEC-20 and IBM PC implemented: V1.1 [FIELD TEST]
  July   End of production on the HP2000
  December   Harris 135 end of production
1984 January   UHCC Newletter article: "Using electronic mail on the DEC-20"
  July   TSOCOPY provides intermachine file transfers between the DEC-20 and IBM 3081.
  September   The UHCC IBM PC Sale. Dual Diskette/MGA = $1912
  October   Acquisition of a local PLATO machine, UHPLATO, is announced (CDC Cyber 180)
1985 February   UHCC begins offering consulting by electronic mail.
  April   Hawaii Loa College is the first Higher Ed institution in Hawaii to be connected to a national network, EDUCOM's EDUNET, which was dismantled in 1987.
  September   XMODEM on TOPS-20
      KERMIT for HP3000 and Macintosh
      End of keypunch jobs (Sept. 30)
1986 March   PC and Macintosh Labs open on Keller 2nd floor
      2400 Baud dialup
  September   PACX 1000 installed (1000 ports 19,200 bps up from 512 ports at 4800 bps)
      UNIX Arrives: VAX 8650 running Ultrix-32
      Bid complete for mainland BITNET connection -- 14.4k satellite to UCLA
  November   9600 baud Connection to NOSC Kaneohe for USENET.
1987 January 17 First organizational meeting for the Campus Research Network, the first ethernet and TCP/IP in the UH system.
  February   First CRN thicknet segment laid
  March   Helium, uhmanoa (ICS), UHHCCUX and DEC-20 connected to CRN and the Internet, via 9600 baud to NOSC Kaneohe
  May 11 BITNET active: 14.4 kbps satellite to UCLA
  November   First distance learning course over the Hawaii Interactive Television System (HITS)
1988 February   CLIC Lab opens
      Grandfather of SPAM: The "Christmas Greeting" email worm cripples IBM's corporate network, and spreads into BITNET.
  March   Over 50 hosts on CRN
  May   Link from UHCC to MSO
  June   UHPLATO on BITNET as of June -- brings total BITNET Hawaii nodes to 6 (UHCCMVS, UHCCVM, UHCCUX, UHPLATO, UHHEPG, EWC)
  July   planning 56kbps to JPL
  September   VAX/VMS on a Vax 8550 installed to replace DEC-20 and HP3000
      Internet connections include 512kbps to US Mainland, as well as connections to Australia, New Zealand, and Japan
  November   Robert T. Morris releases the "Internet Worm", which infects and crashes 6000 computers across the US. No computer in Hawaii was affected.
      UHCC Newsletter publishes a 7 X 7 matrix of emailing instruction to help users understand how to send email based on source/destination host.
  December   All punch card equipment removed, except for a single inactive keypunch in Keller Lobby
1989 March   MSO interconnects UH System campuses by DECNET
  June 30 End of production for DEC20 and HP3000
  August   Planetary scientists at UH observe the Voyager 2 fly-by of the planet Neptune, using Moore Hall satellite down-link and the Campus Television System (CTS)
  September   Office of Information Technology created: David Lassner, Director
1990 February   9600 baud modems installed
      Keller Workstation Lab opened
  June 28 PACX 1000 replaced with STARMASTER -- total ports: 1920, top speed: 19,200 baud, includes Ethernet interface
  December   The retirement of UHCCUX is postponed, due to multiple problems with networking and communications on the new UHUNIX, a Sun 4/490
1991 May   ftp.hawaii.edu created
  June 26 IBM ES/9000 replaces the 3081
  July 1 UHCCUX retired
  December   UHUNIX upgraded to Sun 4/690 with 4 processors and 256 MB of RAM
      Internet Link is T1 to NASA Ames Research Center
      First network engineer hired
1992 April   First 10BaseT Ethernets: George Hall, HIG, MSO. TCP/IP on microcomputers
  July   Honolulu Community College is the second facility outside Manoa (after UH Hilo) to be connected to the TCP/IP Internet. GTE completes the T1 connection with a temporary microwave link from Alakea St. to HCC.
  October   Gopher.hawaii.edu created
      Wellfleet router crash causes a 9 hour outage on most of UHNet. The cause is a boot disk infected with the Michelangelo Virus.
  November   Mauna Kea Observatories link is up-graded from 14.4 kbps to T1.
  December   Kapiolani CC, Maui CC, Kauai CC are connected to the Internet
1993 August   The World Wide Web, or the widespread publishing of documents in HTML on the Internet, is declared into existence by Marshall Rose and Carl Malamud at Interop in San Francisco
      UH joins the MBONE, a virtual backbone to experiment with IP multicast. ICS grad student Winston Dang writes an RFC and application for multicast IP. (IMM)
1994 January   UHCC, Management Systems Office, Office of Information Technology, and UH Telecom are merged together to form Information Technology Services, under Info Tech Director David Lassner.
  May   Summer Session office begins class registration by touch tone over the telphone. Project is called "Pa'e"
  June   ITS begins offering SLIP and PPP dialup. The original setup is performed by grad student employee Robert Brewer, who later is one of the founders of LavaNet
  July   ITS implements "Access for All" which allows all faculty, staff and students in the University System to acquire accounts on ITS computer systems, primarily to get Internet Access
      The B1 funding system, or "funny money" is eliminated as an accounting of individual and departmental computer use.
1995 January   NSF awards grant to UH, State DOE and East-West Center to study the uses of high-speed networks in education. (HERN)
  June 27-30 INET '95, the annual meeting of the Internet Society, is hosted by ITS at the Sheraton Waikiki.
    30 UHPLATO is retired.
      The T1 link to the Internet is running at 100% capacity. No relief is expected soon.
      All UH system campuses, including MCC learning centers on Lanai and Molokai, are on the Internet.
  July   All ID UHUNIX account holders' email addresses are shortened to "user@hawaii.edu".
1996 March   The Hawaii Internet Exchange (HIX), a grass-roots consortium of Internet Service Providers, connects ISP's and the University to one another to pass intra-Hawaii traffic locally.
  May 1 A new long-distance telephone contract includes an option for "high speed Internet access". The awardee is Sprint.
  June 30 BITNET link is terminated
      Oceanic Cablevision provides "Ethernet over Cable TV" to the homes of HERN-institution staff and students, as a test for their upcoming commercial ISP offering.
  October   Main Internet link is moved from NASA Science Internet to Sprint, at a rate of 6 Mbps. Physical link is 4 parallel T1's
1997 May   T1 to NASA Ames is retired
  December   UH forges a contract with GTE to acquire 45 Mbps (DS3) to the mainland. The contract with Sprint is nullified by nasty performance and continually postponed delivery of more bandwidth.
1998 April   Sprint upgrades UH's Link to 10 Mbps (7 T1s), just in case it will help. It doesn't
  July   UH applies to NSF for a grant to participate in the Internet2 Project
  November   Main Internet Link is moved to GTE DS3
1999 March   A secondary link, using ATM over a DS3, is set up to the Defense Research and Engineering Network (DREN)
  May   Direct peering to Abilene is set up for UH to participate in Internet 2
  June 30 Starmaster, the last Gandalf PACX, is retired.
  April Mauna Kea Observatories and Hilo University Research Park are connected to Internet 2 by a DS3 circuit to the Hawaii GigaPOP in Manoa
  April Harris Corporation is awarded a contract to upgrade the HITS microwave system to an all-digital OC3 system.
2001 Summer HITS2, or the digital upgrade of the Hawaii Interactive Television System replaces the aging analog video distance learning system with an IP system which delivers video over Internet multicast. As a result, the intercampus link speeds jump from T1 (1.536 Mbps) to OC3 (155 Mbps) almost overnight. At campuses on Lanai and Molokai, the increase is even greater.
A direct peering to AARNET in Australia is established, using OC3s acquired by UH.
Autumn The UH Manoa Wireless Network becomes operational, offering 100% trouble-free wireless Internet Connectivity.
Inter-island connectivity is enhanced by the introduction of cable-franchise-based submarine OC3 links.
2004 January A direct peering to APAN in Japan is established (OC3) just in time for demonstrations by Japanese researchers during the APAN meeting at the East-West Center in Honolulu. APAN was part of the Techs In Paradise 2004 meeting.
January AARNET announces the establishment of the SX-Transport project, which will use 9.9 Gigabit per second STM-64 (usually referred to as 10 GBps) links from Sydney to UH and from UH to Seattle.
October 30 The Flash Flood Of October 2004: At about 8:15 PM Hawaii Standard Time on October 30, 2004, a flash flood, which originated with the overflow of Manoa Stream at Woodlawn Drive in Manoa Valley, swept through the UH Manoa Campus, devastating Hamilton Library and interrupting power to 35 campus buildings. Hamilton Library is closed for months, Keller Hall runs on 2 large generators for several weeks.
2005 Autumn The North Path of SX-Transport becomes operational, consisting of a trans-pacific 9.9 Gbps path, with a 1 Gbps drop in Honolulu.
2006 October 15 An earthquake, centered northwest of the Big Island, creates havoc across the Island of Hawaii and results in an island-wide power outage on Oahu.
2007 Autumn UH's Dr. Norman Abramson 1,2 is awarded the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal for his "fundamental work in random multiple access".
Autumn The South Path of SX-Transport becomes operational, consisting of a trans-pacific 9.9 Gbps path, with a 1 Gbps drop on the Big Island of Hawaii. By the end of the year, Mauna Kea Observatories will be connected to North America and Australia at 1 Gbps.
2008 January UHNet connections to the North Path of SX-Transport are increased to 10 GigE, which makes the entire STM-64 usable from UH.
December 26-27 At about 6PM on Boxing Day, 2008, an island-wide power outage darkens Oahu, lasting into the next afternoon for parts of the island. The new 500 KW Keller generator, along with secondary "split" aircon and auxiliary lighting, prevent the outage from effecting service for UH ITS core services in Keller Hall.
2009 January
2011 November 1 UHNet joins the Western Research Network

Last Updated on 9/21/2007
By Alan Whinery